Molecular formula. C21H29NO,HCl
Relative molecular mass. 347.9
Chemical name. α-5-Norbornen-2-yl-α-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol hydrochloride; α-bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-en-2-yl-α-phenyl-1-piperidinepropanol hydrochloride; CAS Reg. No. 1235-82-1.
Description. A white, crystalline powder; odourless.
Solubility. Slightly soluble in water, ethanol (~750 g/l) TS and ether R; sparingly soluble in methanol R.
Category. Antiparkinsonism drug.
Storage. Biperiden hydrochloride should be kept in a well-closed container, protected from light.
Definition. Biperiden hydrochloride contains not less than 98.0% and not more than 101.0% of C21H29NO,HCl, calculated with reference to the dried substance.
• Either tests A and D or tests B, C and D may be applied.
A. Carry out the examination as described under 1.7 Spectrophotometry in the infrared region. The infrared absorption spectrum is concordant with the spectrum obtained from biperiden hydrochloride RS or with the reference spectrum of biperiden hydrochloride.
B. Dissolve 20 mg in 5 ml of phosphoric acid (~1440 g/l) TS and allow to stand; a green colour is produced.
C. Dissolve 0.10 g in 50 ml of water and to 5 ml of this solution add bromine TS1 drop by drop; a yellow precipitate is formed which dissolves on shaking. Upon the addition of more bromine TS1, a permanent precipitate is produced.
D. A 20 mg/ml solution yields reaction B described under 2.1 General identification tests as characteristic of chlorides.
Sulfated ash. Not more than 1.0 mg/g.
Loss on drying. Dry for 3 hours at 105 °C; it loses not more than 5 mg/g.
Related substances. Carry out the test as described under 1.14.1 Thin-layer chromatography, using a plate coated with a suspension of silica gel R1 in sodium hydroxide (0.5 mol/l) VS, and as the mobile phase a mixture of 96.5 volumes of toluene R and 3.5 volumes of methanol R. Apply separately to the plate 10 μl of each of 2 solutions in methanol R containing (A) 20 mg of the test substance per ml and (B) 0.10 mg of the test substance per ml. After removing the plate from the chromatographic chamber, allow it to dry in air, spray it with potassium iodobismuthate TS2, and examine the chromatogram in daylight. Any spot obtained with solution A, other than the principal spot, is not more intense than that obtained with solution B.
Assay. Dissolve about 0.4 g, accurately weighed, in 30 ml of glacial acetic acid R1, warming slightly to effect solution, add 10 ml of mercuric acetate/acetic acid TS and 0.15 ml of 1-naphtholbenzein/acetic acid TS as indicator. Titrate with perchloric acid (0.1 mol/l) VS, as described under 2.6 Non-aqueous titration, Method A. Each ml of perchloric acid (0.1 mol/l) VS is equivalent to 34.79 mg of C21H29NO,HCl.