Thursday, 16 July 2009

Monographs: Pharmaceutical substances: Betamethasoni valeras - Betamethasone valerate

Molecular formula. C27H37FO6

Relative molecular mass. 476.6

Graphic formula.

Chemical name. 9-Fluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxy-16β-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione 17-valerate; 9-fluoro-11β,21-dihydroxy-16β-methyl-17-[(1-oxopentyl)oxyl]pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione; CAS Reg. No. 2152-44-5.

Description. A white or creamy white powder; odourless.

Solubility. Practically insoluble in water; soluble in ethanol (~750 g/l)TS; freely soluble in acetone R.

Category. Antiinflammatory drug.

Storage. Betamethasone valerate should be kept in a tightly closed container, protected from light.


Definition. Betamethasone valerate contains not less than 96.0% and not more than 104.0% of C27H37FO6, calculated with reference to the dried substance.

Identity tests

• Either tests A and B or tests C, D and E may be applied.

A. Carry out the examination as described under 1.7 Spectrophotometry in the infrared region. The infrared absorption spectrum is concordant with the spectrum obtained from betamethasone valerate RS or with the reference spectrum of betamethasone valerate.

B. Dissolve 20 mg in 20 ml of ethanol (~750 g/l) TS and dilute 2 ml to 20 ml with the same solvent. To 2 ml of this solution placed in a stoppered test-tube add 10 ml of phenylhydrazine/sulfuric acid TS, mix, heat in a water-bath at 60 °C for 20 minutes, and cool immediately. The absorbance of a 1-cm layer at the maximum at about 423 nm is not more than 0.25.

C. See the test described below under "Related steroids". The principal spots obtained with solutions A and C correspond in position with that obtained with solution B. In addition, the principal spot obtained with solution A corresponds in appearance and intensity with that obtained with solution B.

D. Carry out the combustion as described under 2.4 Oxygen flask method, using 7 mg of the test substance and a mixture of 0.5 ml of sodium hydroxide (0.01 mol/l) VS and 20 ml of water as the absorbing liquid. When the process is complete, add 0.1 ml of a mixture of 0.1 ml of a freshly prepared sodium alizarinsulfonate (1 g/l) TS and 0.1 ml of zirconyl nitrate TS; the red colour of the solution changes to clear yellow.

E. Heat 0.05 g with 2.0 ml of potassium hydroxide/ethanol TS1 in a water-bath for 5 minutes. Cool, add 2.0 ml of sulfuric acid (~100 g/l) TS, and boil gently for 1 minute; a pleasant odour of ethyl valerate is perceptible.

Specific optical rotation. Use a 10 mg/ml solution in dioxan R; .

Sulfated ash. Weigh 0.1 g and ignite on a platinum dish; not more than 2.0 mg/g.

Loss on drying. Dry to constant weight at 105°C; it loses not more than 5.0 mg/g.

Related steroids. Carry out the test as described under 1.14.1 Thin-layer chromatography, using silica gel R1 as the coating substance and a mixture of 95 volumes of dichloroethane R, 5 volumes of methanol R, and 0.2 volumes of water as the mobile phase. Apply separately to the plate 1 μl of each of 2 solutions in a mixture of 9 volumes of chloroform R and 1 volume of methanol R containing (A) 15 mg of the test substance per ml and (B) 15 mg of betamethasone valerate RS per ml; also apply to the plate 2 μl of a third solution (C) composed of a mixture of equal volumes of solutions A and B and 1 μl of a fourth solution (D) containing 0.15 mg of the test substance per ml in the same solvent mixture used for solutions A and B. After removing the plate from the chromatographic chamber, allow it to dry in air until the solvents have evaporated. Then heat it at 105 °C for 10 minutes, allow it to cool, spray it with blue tetrazolium/sodium hydroxide TS, and examine the chromatogram in daylight. Any spot obtained with solution A, other than the principal spot, is not more intense than that obtained with solution D.


• The solutions must be protected from light throughout the assay.

Dissolve about 20 mg, accurately weighed, in sufficient aldehyde-free ethanol (~750 g/l) TS to produce 100 ml. Dilute 20 ml of this solution with sufficient aldehyde-free ethanol (~750 g/l) TS to produce 100 ml. Transfer 10.0 ml of the diluted solution to a 25-ml volumetric flask, add 2.0 ml of blue tetrazolium/ethanol TS, and displace the air in the flask with oxygen-free nitrogen R. Immediately add 2.0 ml of tetramethylammonium hydroxide/ethanol TS and again displace the air with oxygen-free nitrogen R. Stopper the flask, mix the contents by gentle swirling, and allow to stand for 1 hour in a water-bath at 30 °C. Cool rapidly, add sufficient aldehyde-free ethanol (~750 g/l) TS to produce 25 ml, and mix. Measure the absorbance of a 1-cm layer at the maximum at about 525 nm against a solvent cell containing a solution prepared by treating 10 ml of aldehyde-free ethanol (~750 g/l) TS in a similar manner. Calculate the amount of C27H37FO6 in the substance being tested by comparison with betamethasone valerate RS, similarly and concurrently examined.

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